Clear The Air News Tobacco Blog Rotating Header Image

Gateway Drug

Ban unlikely to push smokers back to tobacco: govt

http://news.rthk.hk/rthk/en/video-gallery.htm?vid=1422496

The Secretary for Food and Health, Sophia Chan, on Thursday played down fears that a ban on e-cigarettes could turn people using them to traditional tobacco products instead.

Chan said the people who raise such fears do not have actual proof to back up the claim.

The secretary said that whenever a new anti-smoking policy was introduced in the past, many people quit smoking. But she didn’t offer any figures for this.

Chan said the proposal to ban e-cigarettes was made after data from surveys conducted in recent months found that many local children are into the products.

She stressed that e-cigarettes have been branded as less harmful in order to attract young smokers, making them unaware how dangerous they can be.

The original plan was to prohibit the sale of e-cigarettes to minors, but Chief Executive Carrie Lam proposed an outright ban on importing, selling and promoting such products during her Policy Address on Thursday.

The ban was supported by many in the medical and education sectors, with both sectors’ lawmakers calling for such a move on Tuesday.

Sofia Chan scoffs at fears of switch to nicotine fix

The Secretary for Food and Health, Sophia Chan, does not believe e-cigs users will move on to cigarettes because of the ban.

The Secretary for Food and Health, Sophia Chan, today played down fears that a ban on e-cigarettes could tempt people using them on to traditional tobacco products instead.

Chan said the people who raise such fears do not have evidence to back up the claim, RTHK reports.

Chan said that whenever a new anti-smoking policy was introduced in the past, many people quit smoking. But she did not offer any data on those who quit.

Chan said the proposal to ban e-cigarettes was made after data from surveys conducted in recent months found that many local children favor the products.

She stressed that e-cigarettes have been branded as less harmful to attract young smokers.

The original plan was to prohibit the sale of e-cigarettes to minors, but Chief Executive Carrie Lam proposed an outright ban on importing, selling and promoting such products during her Policy Address.

The ban was supported by many in the medical and education sectors.

Nearly 2 million U.S. adult nonsmokers vape

Download (PDF, 98KB)

‘Cautious scepticism’ needed on e-cig safety

Download (PDF, 491KB)

E-cigarettes aren’t risk-free, but still less harmful than cigarettes

A simple search of ‘Sourcewatch Heritage Institute’ shows who controls their paid for writings.

PHE has egg on its face for its 95% safer faux pas based on a single report from 12 people, as emerging studies show ecigs are anything but safe. Indeed PHE is now at a loss to explain that the longest (10 year) longitudinal study of 200,000 UK adult vapers showed that Ecigs DO NOT WORK FOR SMOKING CESSATION(Beard- West). A similar recent smaller study at Georgia State Uni proved the same. A study by Kulick et al of 50,000 adults in 28 EC countries found ecigs depressed smoking cessation. Franzen et al found ecigs elevated the heart rate for longer than cigarettes. Tang et al of NYU found aldehydes in ecigs are more toxic than nitrosamines in cigarettes & lead to endothelial cell damage, DNA damage of heart & bladder cells. The tobacco industry is in the business of selling nicotine, an addictive psychoactive drug. They want the electronic delivery device to be their new delivery service so they can continue to profit from the demise of others & the continued addiction of youth to nicotine. As shown elsewhere more than 60% of ecig users become dual users thus a double whammy they will never shake. HKG must ban these devices & SCMP should ban such infomercials.

——————————————-

For many cigarette smokers, quitting the habit is a fantasy. However, there are new alternatives to smoking that could turn that into a reality, unless governments get in the way.

Tobacco harm reduction is the idea that smokers should have access to products that meet their nicotine needs in ways that are less harmful than cigarettes. Smokers should not be limited to a single all-or-nothing option: smoke cigarettes or nothing.

New products, such as e-cigarettes and heat-not-burn products, can deliver nicotine in less risky ways than combustible cigarettes. This doesn’t mean there is zero risk [1], but there is far less risk compared to smoking cigarettes.

In a government-commissioned report, Public Health England estimated that e-cigarettes could be 95 per cent less harmful [3] than tobacco cigarettes. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration is starting to embrace tobacco harm reduction. The New Zealand Ministry of Health recently announced [4] that vaping and heated tobacco products can be sold in the country.

Japan and South Korea are allowing citizens access to new and innovative alternatives to smoking.

This is not to diminish reasonable concerns, such as seeking to limit the use of these products by children. However, these alternative products can be made available to smokers while addressing any legitimate concerns that might exist. Governments should ensure they don’t throw up needless legal obstacles that would prevent innovative products from being available to their citizens.

Daren Bakst, senior research fellow, Roe Institute for Economic Policy Studies, The Heritage Foundation

Source URL: https://www.scmp.com/comment/letters/article/2159806/e-cigarettes-arent-risk-free-still-less-harmful-cigarettes

E-Cigarettes May Lead More to Smoke Cigarettes Than to Quit

Download (PDF, 66KB)

New study suggests two-way association between experimenting with e-cigarettes and experimenting with smoking among young people

Download (PDF, 43KB)

More evidence that youth e-cig use promotes cigarette smoking

Download (PDF, 259KB)

Trajectories of E-Cigarette and Conventional Cigarette Use Among Youth

Download (PDF, 157KB)

Five myths about e-cigs and some of the evidence that they are, well, myths

The latest e-cig love fest at the 2017 E-cig Summit in England has been bouncing around the internet, so I thought it would be worth summarizing some of the evidence debunking common e-cig myths. The list of citations is nowhere near exhaustive, but illustrates why these myths are myths.

https://tobacco.ucsf.edu/five-myths-about-e-cigs-and-some-evidence-they-are-well-myths

Myth 1: There is no gateway effect.

A recent meta-analysis shows 100% consistent evidence that never cigarette smoking youth who begin nicotine use with e-cigarettes are significantly more likely to progress to cigarette smoking than youth who do not use e-cigarettes. There have been several additional longitudinal studies published that have shown the same thing since this meta-analysis was published, including one from England.

There are also consistent data showing that e-cigarettes attract youth at low risk of beginning tobacco use with cigarettes and expanding the overall nicotine use market.

Myth 2: E-cigarettes increase smoking cessation.

A meta-analysis showed that, considering all available data at the time, e-cigarettes are associated with depressed cessation. While some of the studies published since then show increased smoking cessation among e-cigarette users, the overall pattern remains depressed cessation.

Myth 3: E-cigarettes are 95% safer than conventional cigarettes.

This assumption is based on the paper by Nutt et al that represented the opinions of a few ‘experts” without citing any specific supporting evidence. The process by which this paper was prepared has been criticized for conflicts of interest among some of the authors. More important, since then there has been a substantial literature published indicating important cardiovascular and pulmonary risks associated with e-cigarette use. Cardiovascular and pulmonary disease kill about 2/3 of smokers.

Myth 4: Even if smokers don’t quit when they use e-cigarettes they smoke fewer cigarettes and the health risks go down substantially in smokers that reduce consumption.

The claim that smokers who use e-cigarettes is also not consistently supported by the evidence. More important, even low levels of smoking convey substantial risks, especially for cardiovascular disease, where smoking even a few cigarettes is as dangerous as smoking 20 cigarettes a day.

Myth 5: Nicotine is addictive, but it doesn’t pose any other substantial risks.

Nicotine is a reproductive toxin. While not a carcinogen, nicotine plays an important role in promoting tumor progression by promoting cell proliferation and inhibiting normal cell death by activating nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and β adrenergic receptors. Nicotine also promotes the angiogenesis needed to supply blood to growing tumors. Nicotine’s effects on nicotinic acetylcholine receptors also accelerates atherosclerosis.It also aggravates lung disease and other diseases.