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US: Two major new studies on smoking and mortality

Two new US studies examining smoking and mortality are published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.

The findings from one of the studies indicated that the relative risk from dying of a smoking related death has grown substantially for women and is now at a level almost identical to that of men. For men, their risk of dying has plateaued and is sustained at the high levels previously witnessed in the 1980’s.

The second study, utilising data from the US National Interview Survey between 1997 and 2004, revealed that people who smoke take at least a decade off their overall life expectancy.

However, the research also found that stopping before the age of 40 eliminated 90% of the overall risk of a smoking associated death.

The conclusions from these American studies are almost identical to that of similar research conducted last year by researchers from Oxford.

Commenting on the finding in women to the BBC, lead researcher of the Oxford Study, Prof Sir Richard Peto, said: “If women smoke like men, they die like men.”

Source: USA Today, 23 January 2013
Smoking could be reduced by standardised packaging of tobacco products says study
The introduction of tobacco in standard packaging would see a significant reduction in the number of adult smokers in the UK, a new study has postulated.

The researchers also believe that the number of children trying smoking for the first time would be reduced from 27% to 24%.

The study was conducted by the University of Cambridge and harnessed the expert opinion of academics from the UK, Australasia and North America to try and gauge the potential impact of standardised packaging.

The research is published in BMC Public Health today.

Source: News Medical, 24 January 2013
Spain: Implementation of smoke-free legislation reduces the number of acute myocardial infarctions by 11 percent
A Spanish study has found that the incidence of acute myocardial infarctions in the country’s province of Girona has decreased by 11% since the introduction of smokefree legislation.

A public smoking ban was introduced in 2006.

The study, published in PLoS ONE, found that the decrease was especially prevalent in women and those aged between 65 and 74.

Source: Medical Xpress, 23 January 2013

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