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August, 2012:

Tasmania Seeks To Create Tobacco-Free Generation By Banning Cigarette Sales To Anyone Born After 2000

The Australian island state of Tasmania is seeking to ban young people from smoking cigarettes by preventing their sale to anyone born after the year 2000.

Tasmania, which has one of the highest rates of smoking among youth in Australia, would be the first place in the world to impose such an age-based ban.

The prohibition would take place when those people born after 2000 reach the age of 18 — thereafter, the legal age to purchase would be raised each subsequent year (meaning they would never be able to legally buy smokes ever again on Tasmanian soil).

The motion, initiated by independent MP Ivan Dean, was unanimously passed by Tasmania’s upper house. The law remains subject to approval by the lower house.

Similar measures are also being considered in Singapore and Finland.

“I think an arbitrary ban on smoking would be very difficult to police,” Michelle O’Byrne, the Tasmanian state’s health minister, told Australian media.

“However, saying that those people who sell cigarettes legally cannot sell cigarettes to a certain age is appropriate. We do it now. What the smoke-free generation would say is that, potentially, anyone from the year 2000 would not be able to buy cigarettes ever.”

Anti-smoking activists hailed the proposed ban.

“It is time for us to be aspirational in our management of our health issues,” said Simon Barnsley, a spokesman for the Cancer Council.

“It’s time we started to lead the charge against tobacco for the future of our youth and the future of our health system.”

Twenty-five percent of Tasmanian youth currently smoke, versus 20 percent for Australia as a whole, according to reports.

“This would mean that we would have a generation of people not exposed to tobacco products,” MP Dean himself told media.

“It would be easier for retailers to enforce because when they ask for ID, all they would need to see if the person was born after the year 2000. As the generation reaches 18 years, there will be fewer of them smoking, and, while some of those first turning 18 might smoke, as time goes on, fewer and fewer will.”

However, retailers were upset by the proposed measure.

“There needs to be awareness and education programs rather than throwing the book at today’s youth, said Russell Zimmerman of the Australian Retailers Association.

“It puts you back virtually into a nanny state rather than allowing consumers to make their own, informed decisions.”

Jeremy Rockliff, a spokesman for the opposition Liberal party, also blasted the motion.

“What’s next, 50 lashes for people who break the rules?” he asked.

However, another anti-smoking activist, Professor Simon Chapman of the University of Sydney, denied that such a ban was excessive or would lead to similar prohibitions on other unhealthy products, like alcohol and fatty foods.

“The risks of smoking are just so off the table. … We started banning tobacco advertising in 1976, and there has been no other commodity where there has been anything like a serious move to do what we have done with tobacco,” he said, according to Britain’s Daily Telegraph newspaper.

Just last week, Australia’s High Court upheld a very tough law on cigarette packaging — packs would be wrapped in drab olive with no logos and feature graphic photos of the health dangers related to smoking.

In addition you need a licence to sell tobacco : (hint – HKG get your act in order !)

Apply for a Tobacco Licence

NEW! Tobacco Retailers Guide (March 2012)

Any premises selling tobacco products must have a tobacco seller’s licence. It is important that all tobacco retailers familiarise themselves with tobacco control legislation as there are penalties for breaches.

How to apply

Fill out the licence application form checking you have included:

§  the prescribed fee of $298.08 per premises

§  a copy of current photographic id which proves you are over 18 years of age (even if you are renewing your licence)

§  a list of all the premises from where you intend to sell tobacco products.

Important information for tobacco seller’s licence applicants

Send your application to: Tobacco Licensing Officer, Level 3, 25 Argyle Street, Hobart TAS 7000

Please note:


§  Only individuals, not companies, can apply for a tobacco seller’s licence.

§  You do not need to display your licence unless you are advised to do so, however, you should keep a copy of the licence on your premises.

§  You must also display approved notices

A tobacco seller’s licence expires at the end of the period specified in the licence or 12 months from the date of issue, whichever is sooner. You will be sent an application to renew before your licence expires.


The holder of a tobacco seller’s licence is required to provide information to employees about the sale and supply of tobacco products to children. This information can be provided verbally, but it is recommended that licence holders obtain written acknowledgement from employees responsible for selling tobacco products that they have been made aware that it is an offence to sell or supply tobacco or tobacco products to a child.

Want more information?

Tobacco Retailers Guide (March 2012)

Guidelines for the Sale of Tobacco

Call the Public Health Hotline on 1800 671 738.

Bid to ban cigarettes for anyone born after 2000

Andrew Darby and Amy Corderoy

An international campaign to ban the sale of cigarettes to young people has been given a leg up in Australia.

This would mean that we would have a generation of people not exposed to tobacco products

The 2000 Smoke Free Generation initiative has secured the backing of Tasmania’s independent upper house, the Legislative Council, and will be scrutinised by the state government.

The Legislative Council is calling for a ban on cigarette sales to anyone born after the year 2000.

The initiative, brought to Australia by a University of Singapore academic, means that, from the year 2018, young people who would have then come of legal age, no longer could smoke.

“I first thought it was just going too far, and was too difficult to sell,” the Tasmanian proponent, independent MP Ivan Dean, told Fairfax Media.

“But handled properly, the Smoke Free Generation could work. It’s not the case that it would be immediate,” Mr Dean said. “There’s a lead time to this.”

Mr Dean said its success would depend on getting young people on side, as well as tobacco producers and retailers.

One in four young Tasmanians smokes, compared with one in five nationally, and Health Minister Michelle O’Byrne today confirmed her support.

“I met with one of the chief proponents of the tobacco-free generation idea earlier this year, Professor Jon Berrick from the University of Singapore,” Ms O’Byrne said.

“I have asked the Commissioner for Children to conduct an analysis of the proposal, which I believe is worthy of serious consideration.”

The campaign against smoking is gaining pace after the federal government’s win on plain packaging in the High Court.

After that win Attorney-General Nicola Roxon said that if tobacco was a new product, it probably would not be legal, but she did not have an agenda to ban it.

“But I must say I’m cheered by the fact that I – when I was Health Minister – had primary school students writing to me all the time, saying: ‘Why don’t we do this?'” Ms Roxon said.

“And I would write back and say well, that may well be something that the next generation will take on.”

Tasmanian Liberal health spokesman Jeremy Rockliff is reported to have dismissed the idea. “What’s next, 50 lashes for people who break the rules?”

Australia would become the first country to ban tobacco sales to some generations and not others if the plan goes ahead.

The president of the Australian Council on Smoking and Health, Mike Daube, said many countries were now discussing the “end game” in the battle against tobacco.

“There’s no question that plain packaging has created a massive momentum and we are now going to see a lot of suggestions about how we are going to get to the end of smoking,” he said.

Professor Daube said Dubai had similar rules, with tobacco sales banned within a kilometre of an educational institution.

He believed the Tasmanian plan was actually “a bit pessimistic”, in that it targeted only young people.

He would like to see the number of outlets selling cigarettes cut drastically. In his home state of Western Australia 4000 shops were selling tobacco, or one for every 450 adults.

“But should we actually ban cigarettes entirely? I think we should move towards phasing out commercial sale; there should be no place for a commercial tobacco industry in Australia,” he said.

“But we spend far more money on [trying to enforce a ban on illicit drugs] than we do on tobacco and people are still using them. Banning the behaviour itself is not the way to go.”

Mr Dean said the move would stop young people from taking up the habit.

“This would mean that we would have a generation of people not exposed to tobacco products,” he said.

The move comes less than a week after the High Court ruled in favour of the federal government’s introduction of plain packaging for cigarettes.

Tasmanian Health Minister Michelle O’Byrne has asked the state’s Commissioner for Children to look at the proposal, the report said.

– with AAP

Correction: It was incorrectly reported in an earlier version that Australia would become the first country to ban tobacco sales if the Tasmanian plan goes ahead. Bhutan is believed to have banned all tobacco sales.

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Customs smashes two illicit cigarette smuggling cases in Lok Ma Chau

Hong Kong (HKSAR) – Hong Kong Customs yesterday (August 20) smashed two illicit cigarette smuggling cases in Lok Ma Chau Control Point and seized a total of about 1.62 million sticks of duty-not-paid cigarettes on board two cross-boundary container trucks. The total value of the cigarettes was about $4.07 million with a duty potential of about $2.77 million. In the operations, two male drivers (aged 61 and 49) were arrested and the two container trucks used in the smuggling of illicit cigarettes were seized.

At about 7am yesterday, Customs officers at Lok Ma Chau Control Point intercepted a cross-boundary logistics container truck. Upon examination, about 0.42 million sticks of duty-not-paid cigarettes concealed in two wooden boxes were found on board the container truck.

Another case took place at about 10pm at the same control point. Customs officers intercepted an unladen cross-boundary 40-foot container truck. Upon X-ray examination, about 1.2 million sticks of duty-not-paid cigarettes were found inside a false compartment.

In the cases, cigarettes of various brands had been sorted and packed so that the cigarettes could be speedily delivered for sale.

Customs believes that the illicit cigarette syndicate continues to manipulate the “swift distribution” mode in an attempt to lessen the risk of being detected.

Under the Dutiable Commodities Ordinance, anyone involved in dealing with, possession of, selling and buying illicit cigarettes commits an offence. The maximum penalty on conviction is imprisonment for two years and a fine of $1 million.

A spokesman for Hong Kong Customs said today (August 21) that Customs will continue to take stringent enforcement against cigarette smuggling activities to protect government revenue.

Members of the public are urged to report any suspected illicit cigarette activities to Customs’ 24-hour hotline 2545 6182.

Source: HKSAR Governmen

South Africa will follow Australia’s example by trying to ban the display of brand names on tobacco packets

Johannesburg — South Africa will follow Australia’s example by trying to ban the display of brand names on tobacco packets, according to a report on Thursday.

“… We will do it, definitely,” Health Minister Aaron Motsoaledi was quoted as telling The Times newspaper.

“Rest assured, I am extremely excited.”

On Wednesday, the High Court of Australia ruled that the measures did not breach the country’s constitution. They stipulate that, from December 1, tobacco products be sold in drab, uniform packaging with graphic health warnings.

Four companies had challenged the law, claiming it infringed their intellectual property rights and was unconstitutional.

However, the court rejected the argument by British American Tobacco, Japan Tobacco International, Imperial Tobacco and Philip Morris.

Australian Attorney General Nicola Roxon said Britain, Canada and New Zealand were considering similar measures, and that China, South Africa and the European Union had followed the case with interest.

Motsoaledi has said previously that if the Australian government won the case, South Africa would follow suit.

UK Plain Tobacco Packs Review Ends

LONDON–A U.K.-wide consultation on government plans to introduce mandatory plain packaging for tobacco closed Friday, as the government seeks to make smoking less attractive and improve public health.

Health Secretary Andrew Lansley has said while he is “open-minded” about the public consultation, the government believes attractive branding encourages smoking, which remains a significant challenge to public health.

More than 300,000 children under 16 years try smoking each year and 5% of children aged 11 years to 15 years are regular smokers, according to government data.

Tobacco manufacturers, including British American Tobacco PLC (BATS.LN), Imperial Tobacco PLC (IMT.LN) and Japan Tobacco Inc. (2914.TO), say there is no evidence that plain packaging influences tobacco consumption among young people. (CLEAR THE AIR says: so this is why they are spending $ millions worldwide to fight generic packaging which will remove their last line of advertising attraction = the packet appeal = ‘the silent salesman’.)

“We are concerned that the [government’s] research into the potential benefits of plain packaging relies on insufficient and unreliable evidence that fails to prove the crucial link between packaging and any reduction in smoking,” said Phil Morse, UK & Ireland general manager for British American Tobacco.

The industry lobby is also concerned that generic packs–which would prevent manufacturers from using logos or colors–will bring about rises in illicit trade and intellectual property infringements.

It says plain packaging affects consumer choice and adds a rise in counterfeit consumption would lead to manufacturing job losses, as well as hitting the revenue of shopkeepers. (THIS IS A POLICING MATTER)

If the policies are implemented, the U.K. would become the first European Union country to introduce plain cigarette packs, representing a further blow to the industry as it resists a wave of measures in the country to curb smoking. Laws banning the display of tobacco products in England, Wales and Northern Ireland are due to be enforced in all shops from April 2015. There are also bans on vending machine sales and on smoking in public places.  Australia has passed a law to introduce plain packaging for cigarettes that is due to come into effect at the end of this year, despite strong opposition from tobacco companies who are challenging the move in the courts.

Write to Simon Zekaria at

Download PDF : Mackay on UK Consultation on Plain packaging 2012

Tobacco shares remain in rude health

Big Tobacco may have suffered a loss in the High Court yesterday, but a look at the share prices of tobacco companies shows the market sees a future in smoking.

While most tobacco stocks eased on the news of the court’s ruling on the plain packaging of cigarettes, shares in the companies are still up dramatically over the past year – underscoring the loyalty investors have for these lucrative companies and the booming markets they are tapping in Asia.

The Chinese and Eastern Europeans smoke at bloody breakfast.

Shares in Imperial Tobacco fell 1.7 per cent, or 44 pence, to £24.89, yet they are up 24.3 per cent over the past year. British American Tobacco stock fell 65 pence, or 2 per cent, to £33.80, but are up 27.5 per cent for the year.

“Those stocks still have a defensive quality to their earnings in turbulent times notwithstanding the sustained anti-smoking movement,” said CCZ Statton Equities director DaveHofman.

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The major tobacco companies were also targeting Asia for growth where, despite the efforts against smoking in the West, there was “still a massive smoking market”, he said.

The tension between health officials and the market was highlighted by the federal government’s victory yesterday when the High Court upheld the legality of Labor’s plain packaging laws against the wishes of five big tobacco companies. The change will force all cigarettes in Australia to be packed and sold in plain olive boxes – a world first.

The outcome has been hailed by public health officials in Australia and elsewhere as a blow to the global tobacco industry which is blamed for millions of deaths each year.

Shares in Philip Morris eased 0.2 per cent overnight in the US to $US92.97 but are up 34.6 per cent in past year. Japan Tobacco fell 4.8 per cent, or 124 yen, to ¥2439 yesterday, the biggest decline since March 15, 2011. Yet for the year, the stock is up 44 per cent.

Mr Hofman said China has a huge smoking population, as does Indonesia, which has created large opportunities for the companies. “[Those countries] aren’t anywhere near as advanced as the West in terms of anti-smoking lobbies,” he said.

“We get a bit myopic in Australia, being the land of regulation.”

Peter Warnes, head of equity research for Morningstar Australasia said: “Why do people still think tobacco stocks are a good investment? Because nicotine is addictive.” Also China and Eastern Europe would remain key markets for global tobacco companies, he said.

“The Chinese and Eastern Europeans smoke at bloody breakfast,” Mr Warnes said.

Australia, with a population of only 23 million, is a “backwater” in terms of global marketing compared to markets in Asia, he said.

Whether European or English-speaking countries adopt Australia’s cigarette packaging laws because their legal systems are similar to Australia’s, one thing was certain, he said: “It won’t happen in China.”

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Smoking ban must be amended

SCMP Sunday 19/8/2012

With the law banning smoking in eating places having been in place for some time, it is really disappointing to see how it has been enforced.

At present, a smoker will only be prosecuted by tobacco control officers when they catch him/her red-handed during regular patrols or spot checks acting on complaints.

So a law-abiding citizen has to suffer when someone is found smoking in a restaurant.

Calling 999 is useless, as the police won’t do anything about such smokers.

For me, I am used to calling the 1823 and lodging a complaint. But one will ask how effective it is when the officers can only take action afterwards.

I suggest the law should be amended so that restaurant owners will also be prosecuted. Of course, more officers and patrols can help to improve the situation.

Lawrence Choi, Sha Shui Po

Tourism anger at duty-free tobacco limit

Clear the Air says: tough ! They should follow Singapore and make the allowance zero !

Tourism anger at duty-free tobacco limit

CITY and regional airports warn of chaotic queues because of impending cuts to duty-free tobacco allowances, while the effect on Chinese travellers– expected to be spending $9 billion here by 2020 — will be dire.

As federal Tourism Minister Martin Ferguson concentrates on growing Asian arrivals — yesterday he announced $48.5 million in funding targeting Chinese and Japanese tourists — Australian Customs will cut the tobacco allowance to 50 cigarettes or 50 grams on September 1.

“The last thing I need as Tourism Minister is tension about Australian Customs tightening people’s ability to purchase duty-free cigarettes,” Mr Ferguson told The Australian yesterday.

Tourism groups said there was insufficient international advertising to alert inbound travellers to the changes.

Tourism and Transport Forum chief executive John Lee has written to Attorney-General Nicola Roxon claiming “there is very clear advice from the Australian Customs that there will be increased scenes of aggression in the customs halls of our international airports if the reduced allowances are brought into force. First impressions matter more to tourism than to any other industry and the delays and scenes of civil disturbance associated with this measure will inevitably lead to fewer repeat visitors or favourable referrals.”

The forum estimates more than one million visitors will be affected, as Customs estimates that one in five travellers will either have tobacco confiscated or be forced to pay duty.

“This number will be far higher among certain nationalities targeted for Australia’s tourism growth, notably the Chinese, among whom smoking rates average 60 per cent in wealthy travellers.”

Tourism groups are angered that the fast pace of the change will result in severe pressure on border protection staff.

Australian Airports Association chief executive Caroline Wilkie said: “Implementing this new restriction will cause significant pressure on airport infrastructure” and cause delays because Customs had not been given enough time or money for an education campaign and operational plan.

“We are asking the government to defer the implementation date until March 1, 2013.”

An overseas education program would not start until September 1 and would not involve electronic or print media, she said. “There will be no advertising of the change in China . . . one of the highest tobacco user countries in the world.”

Home Affairs Minister Jason Clare said the government had committed $11.7m to introduce the change over two years. “There will also be an awareness campaign aimed at educating travellers, including online media, print media, new signage at airports and handouts,” a spokesman for Mr Clare said.

Tobacco: public health comes first

PUBLISHED: 17 Aug 2012 00:08:31 | UPDATED: 17 Aug 2012 00:32:55PUBLISHED: 17 Aug 2012PRINT EDITION: 17 Aug 2012

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The Australian Financial Review

Tobacco companies are understandably alarmed that the federal government’s legislation for plain packaging of cigarettes could be replicated by Britain, New Zealand, India and the European Union, among others.(HKG ?) After the High Court rejected the tobacco companies’ argument that they were entitled to compensation because the laws constituted an acquisition of their intellectual property, from December 1 tobacco products will have to be sold in packaging with no distinguishing brand marks.

Tobacco companies are pursuing other legal avenues, including challenging the laws under a bilateral investment treaty with Hong Kong, and in the World Trade Organisation.

This newspaper favours the use of market mechanisms to achieve policy outcomes rather than the imposition of regulations that restrict the use of private property. While the government does have a legitimate interest in public health, individuals also have a right to decide their tobacco use.

The plain-packaging laws don’t impinge on personal use, but they do take the drastic step of allowing the commonwealth to limit the use of trademarks in which the tobacco companies have invested heavily. And the Australian Industry Group raises a valid concern that the precedent could be used against other goods. There is already pressure to impose tougher regulation on fast food and alcohol.

However, Australia has had some big wins in improving public health through regulation, for example by imposing seatbelt laws. High taxes on tobacco products have helped cut the incidence of smoking by half, to about 15 per cent of the population. Given that there is no safe way to consume tobacco products, and that smoking-related expenses are at least $12 billion a year, taxes would have to double to cover the cost of health problems tobacco creates. In that situation, the plain-packaging laws may be a necessary evil.

The Australian Financial Review

Largest-Ever Survey on Global Tobacco Use Issues Dire Warnings


Largest-Ever Survey on Global Tobacco Use Issues Dire Warnings

By Alexandra Sifferlin@acsifferlin | August 17, 2012 | 3

Nearly half of all men and more than 1 in 10 women use tobacco in many developing countries, and women are starting to smoke at earlier ages, according to the largest survey to date on international tobacco use. If current trends continue, warns the World Health Organization (WHO), tobacco could kill a billion people around the world in this century.

The authors of the new study say the numbers call for urgent changes in tobacco policy and regulation in developing nations. While tobacco use is declining in industrialized countries, it remains strong — or is even increasing — in low- and middle-income countries, a trend the authors attribute to powerful pro-tobacco forces worldwide.

“Our data reflect industry efforts to promote tobacco use,” said lead study author Gary Giovino of the School of Public Health and Health Professions at the University at Buffalo in New York, in the statement. “These include marketing and mass media campaigns by companies that make smoking seem glamorous, especially for women. The industry’s marketing efforts also equate tobacco use with Western themes, such as freedom and gender equality.”

The study, the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS), looked at smoking trends among people ages 15 and older from 16 countries, estimating that there are 852 million tobacco users in these countries. GATS targeted 14 low- and middle-income countries — Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Mexico, the Philippines, Poland, Russia, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, Uruguay and Vietnam — and also included data from the United States and the United Kingdom for comparison.

Nationally representative surveys were conducted during face-to-face interviews with 248,452 participants in the GATS countries in 2008-10. Data from the U.K. and the U.S. came from the U.K. General Lifestyle Survey and U.S. Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey, respectively, which had a total of 188,895 respondents. The researchers’ extensive sampling was enough to estimate tobacco use among 3 billion people.

Most tobacco users smoke cigarettes: 41% of men and 5% of women, but other popular forms of tobacco include cigars, chewing tobacco and water pipes. Already, nearly 6 million people die from tobacco-related causes each year, according to WHO. Other key findings from the study:

  • ·        About 49% of men and 11% of women in GATS countries used tobacco (smoked, smokeless or both)
  • ·        Although women’s tobacco use rates remain low, women are beginning to smoke as early as men, around age 17
  • ·        Countries with the highest number of quitters were the U.S. and the U.K., as well as Brazil and Uruguay, “where tobacco control activities are strongest.”
  • ·        Quit rates were lowest in China, India, Russia and Egypt. “In India and Bangladesh, smokeless tobacco use is very high and oral cancer rates are among the highest in the world,” says Giovino.

(PHOTOS: Cigarette Warnings Around the World)

China had the largest number of tobacco users overall, at 301 million people, followed by India, with 274 million. The problem is lack of anti-tobacco regulations. “China National Tobacco, for example, which is owned by the Chinese government, sponsors dozens of elementary schools, where students are subjected to pro-tobacco propaganda. Some messages even equate tobacco use with academic success,” said Giovino.

Smoking rates were highest in Russia, however, where 60% of men and 22% of women use tobacco; by comparison, 53% of men and 2% of women in China use tobacco. Tobacco use rates were also high in Ukraine (50% of men, 11% of women) and Turkey (48% of men, 15% of women). ”In countries like Russia, Ukraine, and Turkey, use among adolescents and young adults is very high and indicates a public health crisis in their future unless effective action is taken to reduce use,” says Giovino.

In some countries the rates are rising. CNN reported:

“One place where we know it’s gone up, unfortunately, is Egypt — as a result of the revolution,” said Edouard Tursan D’Espaignet of WHO”s tobacco control program.

The GATS study found 38% of men and less than 1% of women smoked in Egypt as of 2010.

However, government regulations limiting smoking in certain places fell apart after Hosni Mubarak’s regime was ousted last year, and “the tobacco industry walked in very, very aggressively” to market its product amid the chaos, said Tursan D’Espaignet.

“We are hearing things like ‘Smoking is a way to show you’re free from the previous regime,’” he said.

Tobacco company marketing is a central part of the problem, say the study authors. In poorer countries, pro-tobacco forces can spend a lot more money than their tobacco-control counterparts.

In richer countries like the U.S., in contrast, tobacco use has been declining: currently, about 19% of adults smoke. Smoking among teens has also been dropping, but the rate of decline has recently stalled, as states cut funding for tobacco-control programs.

And while cigarette consumption fell 33% in the U.S. over the previous decade, there was a corresponding 123% increase in the consumption of othersmokable tobacco, like pipes and cigars, including among teens. Why? They’re cheaper. “The U.S. industry is expanding to promote use of other tobacco products such as snuff and cigars — many of these are flavored,” says Giovino.

Some countries are making huge strides in getting people to quit. In Australia, for example, the country’s High Court upheld a ruling this week barring company logos from appearing on cigarette packs; starting in December, cigarette boxes will come in plain packaging emblazoned with grim health warnings and disturbing photos of the health effects of smoking. The country is urging other governments to adopt the same policy.

To solve high tobacco consumption worldwide, Giovino says three groups that need to be held accountable: the tobacco industry; governments, which can choose to regulate tobacco or not; and consumers.

“All three have a role to play in changing the trends, but experience tells us that the interplay between pro-tobacco and anti-tobacco forces is what determines trends in tobacco use,” says Giovino. “So we want to reduce the pro-tobacco forces and increase anti-tobacco forces.”

Proven ways to reduce smoking rates include enforcing tobacco advertising bans, raising the price of tobacco products, helping smokers quit and protecting people from secondhand smoke, and raising awareness about the hazards of smoking by using warning labels and increasing public education campaigns.

The study was published in the British medical journal The Lancet.

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